THE TABLE

 

The Standard Billiards and Snooker Table

Playing area within the cushion is 118 x 510

Height from the floor to the top of the cushion 29.

Pockets at each corner of table (two at the Spot end known as the top pockets and two at the Baulk end known as the bottom pockets) and one each at the middle of the longer sides (known as the centre pockets).

Size of pocket should be as approved by Worlds Professional Billiards and Snooker Association.

 

Baulk-line and Baulk

A straight line drawn 29 from the face of the bottom cushion and parallel to it is called the Baulk-line

The line and the intervening space is termed the Baulk.

 

D

It is a semi-circle described in Baulk with its centre at the middle of the Baulk-line with a radius of 11.

 

Spots

Four spots are marked on centre longitudinal line of the table and are termed as:

Spot [12 from top cushion.

Centre Spot exactly in the midway from all corners of the table.

Pyramid Spot exactly in the middle of top cushion and Centre Spot

One exactly in the middle of Baulk line.

One each at the both ends of the diameter of D.

NB. In Snooker the spots indicated above are termed as Black Spot, Pink Spot, Blue Spot, Brown Spot, Green Spot [towards left hand side spot of D] and Yellow Spot [towards right hand side of D].

THE CUE

A cue is an equipment for playing the game of Billiards, Snooker or Pool.

There are various types of cues viz. Single Piece, Two Piece and Three Quarter.

Standard Length of cue is 58 inches.

Weight varies from 17-19 or 19 ounces.

Standard Cues are made up of wood.

Cue is used to strike the striker ball or cue ball in these games.

The holding side of cue is termed as Butt and the striking side is known as Shaft.

The top of shaft is covered with metal (nearly 1 cm. in length) termed as Ferrule. Basic function of Ferrule is to support Cue Tip. Cue tips are made up of Leather.

THE BALLS

The Balls should have a diameter of 21/16 that should be equally weighted.

Billiards: This game is played with three balls - One Red, One White and One Yellow

Red Ball termed as Object Ball for both the players.

The White and the Yellow Balls are used as cue balls for each players i.e. the player winning the toss starts play with the white ball as his cue ball and the yellow ball remain as an object ball for the first player's play.

While the second players play, the yellow ball becomes cue ball for the second player and the white ball is an object ball during his/her play.

Snooker: This game is played with 22 balls - 1 White, 15 Reds and 6 Colors - one each of Yellow, Green, Brown, Blue, Pink and Black.

The White Ball is the Strike Ball to be struck to the 21 object balls (15 reds and 6 colors)

The game is played with a view to pocket the 15 Reds with point value of "1" each and only after a red is pocketed the player can play to pocket any of the six Colors i.e. Yellow, Green, Brown, Blue, Pink and Black with point values of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 respectively. These Colors are replaced on to their respective spots till all the 15 reds are pocketed. After all reds are pocketed, the colors are pocketed in their order from the lowest point value to the highest.

The snooker game is normally played in one frames or multiple frames as governed by their Club rules.

Pool: Pool balls are slightly bigger in size as well as heavier than billiards or snooker balls.

They are either numbered balls from 1 to 9 for 9 Ball Pool Play or 1 - 15 for 8 Ball Pool Play.

GLOSSARY 

Cue Ball

The Ball which the player is striking with his/her cue.

Object Ball

The Ball which is targeted to hit with the cue ball.

Cannon

The contact in succession of the cue ball with other two balls.

In-off

Cue Ball enters into pocket after getting deflection by striking object ball. A.K.A. Losing Hazard

Pot

Striking the object ball into a pocket. A.K.A. Winning Hazard

Screw-back

Cue Ball so struck that, after impact with the object ball, the cue ball comes backwards.

Running side

Side spin imparted to the cue ball by means of which the angle after contact is widened.

Check side

Side spin imparted to the cue ball, by means of which the angle after contact is narrowed.

Long Jenny

An in-off into one or other of the top pockets when the object ball is near a side cushion.

Short Jenny

Short Jenny An in-off into one of the centre pocket when the object ball is near a side cushion.